Your metabolism is the process by which your body converts what you eat and drink into energy. Every time you eat, digestive enzymes in your body break down the food and turn it into energy that your body needs to function on a daily basis.
Why does your metabolism change over time?
When we’re younger, our metabolisms are quicker because we are constantly growing which requires more energy–so we’re burning more calories and fat. However, as we age our metabolism naturally slows down and, according to this “Self” magazine article, we also lose muscle mass.
Hormones have an impact on your metabolism
As women age, they lose estrogen, and as men age, they lose testosterone — both of which contribute to higher fat and lower muscle mass. Since muscle tissue burns more calories and fat and boosts your resting metabolism, a loss of muscle mass means you will burn fewer calories throughout the day. Read more about this here.
Good News: Lifestyle choices can reverse the process and help speed up your metabolism
- Eating more protein and healthy fats: protein makes you feel fuller longer and it will assist with building and preserving lean muscle mass.
- Strength training: incorporate weights into your workout to help increase your muscle mass.
- Consuming less sugar: sugar contains empty calories and require less energy to process.
- Sleep: too little sleep means your metabolism slows down to conserve energy.
- Reducing alcohol consumption: alcohol contains a ton of sugar and empty calories.